Ultimate Guide to Color Wheel

Ultimate Guide to Color Wheel

Ever wondered how designers find the perfect color combination? Designers and artists use
color wheels to make the best color combination and create a particular stunning look for their
projects. At first sight, the color wheel may seem complex, but after understanding its basic
concept, your creative side will get more colorful. Spinning and experimenting with the color
wheel is just as exciting as opening a new box of crayons.

What is color and its categories?

Color is the most important and immediate way of creating a good impression as the color
communicates with the viewers and grasps their attention. Color plays an immensely valuable
part in the world where we live. While color can be the energetic component, the obstacle is
using the correct color for a given or desired design.

Here we will discuss the categories of the colors.

  • Primary Colors

Primary colors are the basic colors that can be mixed together to create other colors. Red, Blue
and Yellow are considered the primary colors. Moreover, Primary colors are the root of every
other color.

  • Secondary Colors

Secondary colors are created by mixing two equal primary colors. In the color wheel, secondary
colors are located between the primary colors. Orange, Purple and Green are the three
secondary colors “children of primary colors.”On a color wheel, secondary colors are located
between primary colors

  • Tertiary Colors

The equal combinations of primary colors with secondary colors are tertiary colors. Altogether,
there are six tertiary colors: red-orange, yellow-orange, yellow-green, blue-green, blue-violet,
and red-violet. On a color wheel, tertiary colors are between Primary colors and secondary

Key Terms Used

  • Hue

Hue is often mistaken as the color, so it needs to be cleared as the most basic color term which
denotes an object’s color is hue. Essentially it is the clean form of a primary color and has the

  • Shade and Tint

Shade means how much black is added to the hue. A tint is the exact opposite of shade. It
refers to how much white is added to a particular hue

  • Tone

Tone is the result of a hue that has both white and black added to it. In simple words, tone refers
to any hue that has been modified with the addition of gray.

  • Saturation

The saturation aspect has so much in common with hue and chroma. Saturation can also be
said to color’s intensity, as saturation refers to how strong or weak a color is. Also, saturation
doesn’t apply by mixing two colors of hues. The most saturated colors are vivid and strong,
whereas less saturated colors can appear lightened or dull.

  • Chroma

The purity of the color is chroma. Chroma is similar to saturation but not quite the same.
Understanding chroma is necessary for creating the color mixing chart. When you merge black,
white, or any other color into a hue, you reduce the saturation.

  • Value

A value is a measurement of the brightness of a color. The brighter a color is, the higher its
value and the more light it radiates. For example, a dynamic yellow is glowing more than dark
blue; hence its value is higher than that of the blue. The best way to see the contrast in the
values of colors is to look at the relative greyscale version.

  • Color harmony

Color harmony is about the way of combining colors to create something that is satisfying to
observe. It can either instantly connect with a reader or completely flick off. Simply, artists use
color harmony to create artistically pleasant masterpieces when colors work mutually.

  • Color temperature

Temperature is the coolness or warmth of color. Color temperature is a way to describe the light
appearance, and a color’s temperature affects the color of everything we see. Color
temperature is all about how cool or warm a color occurs compared to other colors.

What is a Color Wheel?

In simple terms, a color wheel is a visual representation of colors that organizes hues by
wavelength. Color wheels enable the geometric representation of color correlations. In these
representations, the relationship between primary, secondary, and tertiary colors is depicted.

Why is the color wheel important?

A color wheel is useful to artists because it reveals the relationship between colors and assists
them in determining which color is best for their project. Color wheel saves time and money as it
offers easy-to-follow principles. A color wheel is a circular-shaped material that serves as a
useful reference for understanding color concepts. It’s a great tool for graphic designers,
painters, illustrators, and other creative artists.
If you’re a newbie or experienced in this paint or graphic designing industry, you must learn
about the color wheel.

What is a Color Palette?

A color palette is a combination of colors used to correctly form the visual foundation. The digital
world color palette refers to the full range of colors that can be displayed on a device screen or
other interface. Most computer color palettes back in the 1990s only had eight colors in them.
With the color wheel, designers can now choose from a wide range of colors and tones.

Why is the color palette important?

A color palette is important for amazing content creation(post) and branding. In fact, a color
palette is crucial to make your brand image and convey your brand’s message. The colors you
choose actually contribute to determining how your brand stands out in the market.

What are the models and schemes/themes in the color palette?

There are two types of color models- subtractive color model and additive color model.

Subtractive color model

Colors are created by subtracting light in a subtractive color model. The colors cyan, magenta,
yellow, and black are employed in this illustration. This model is mostly utilized in the physical
printing industry. It is known as CMYK (Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Key/Black) model and is usually
used in the printing press.

Additive color model

This model is based on the additive color model of light waves. It includes red, green, and blue.
Also known as RGB colors that are added together to create another color. But the RGB colors
can’t be assorted with other colors. The model forms the basis of all electronic screens, and
hence, it is mainly used by UI designers.

6 Most-Used Color Schemes

Monochromatic color scheme

Monochromatic colors are variations of one particular color. These variations are made by
adjusting the shades, tones, and tints. This is the easiest choice to make when looking for a
color scheme.

Analogous color scheme

Color combinations that are near to each other on the color wheel make up analogous color
schemes. With the proximity of these colors on the color wheel, they often appear similar,
resulting in a pleasing color scheme.

Complementary color scheme

Complementary colors are polar opposites. You can find complementary colors lying exactly
opposite each other on the color wheel. If you love the “Opposite Look Great” vibe, you can use
this color scheme.

Split-complementary color scheme

Here, two complementary color schemes are utilized, located next to each other on the color
wheel. These have complementary color schemes, giving designers more color choices.
Split-complementary keeps the contrast high, but it relieves some strain on your eyes.

Triadic color combinations

Triadic hues are a set of three colors that work together to create contrast in a design. Colors in
a triadic color scheme are uniformly placed throughout the color wheel, resulting in no evident
superiority of one color. These hues are frequently used in the color cycle’s middle. The end
product is more vibrant and harmonized.

Tetradic color combinations

A tetradic color scheme includes four colors, i.e., one primary color. To be more specific, tetradic
color includes two sets of complementary colors. For example red + green and purple + yellow
or blue-green + red-orange. It is the richest color scheme as it uses four organized schemes into
two complementary color pairs

Dos and Don’ts While Choosing Color for Walls Paints


  • Take time to learn and understand the color wheel
  • Analyze the color undertones
  • Explore the color psychology
  • Study or survey the other sites and designs


  • Neglect the basic color wheel rules
  • Fail to understand the fact that color changes according to the surroundings.
  • Hesitate to experiment with different color combinations and variations.
  • Ignore the precision when combining the color with types.

Bonus Tip For Picking Interior and Exterior Paint Color

The simple way to choose the best interior paint is, to begin with, the color shades that you love
the most. Your emotion, personality and inspiration can be reflected in every corner of your
house with the colors you prefer the most. For better results, you can also consult with paint

So below are some tips that you can consider while picking the interior house paint color:

  • Choose color schemes that match your home furniture
  • Match the color of feeling you want for the room
  • Keep the wall paint color neutral and balanced
  • Go by the trending color palette

Let’s see what to consider in choosing exterior paints

  • Consider Your Home’s Architectural Style
  • Look to Your neighborhood for guidance
  • Consider color tones and emphasize details
  • Experiment with texture by mixing a matte and glossy finish

Which Brand to Choose While Purchasing Paints for Your

When choosing a paint brand, you must consider the quality, price, innovativeness along with
the health factors such as the absence of lead, VOCs, and other harmful chemicals. Besides
that, the paint brand must ensure quality while offering you multiple ranges of paint colors and
products. Taking advantage of the digital era, you can also check for reviews online and make
your decision.

Which is the best paint in Nepal?

The Nepali paint market is massive, and there are many paint brands to choose from. KNP
Nerolac Paint is among one of the best paints in Nepal. KNP Paints employs the latest
Japanese paint technology along with premium quality ingredients. Another plus factor of KNP
Paints is a low VOC paint in Nepal. Nepalese people are becoming more conscious of the
importance of low VOCs in keeping the environment clean and fresh.

Recognized as the “Healthy Home Paints,” KNP is making its way to becoming the best Paints
in Nepal. In fact, KNP’s washable paints are preferred by mass when looking for interior
paints in Nepal. KNP also offers one of the best 24-carat paint in Nepal.

Not only that but KNP’s exterior paints make up the best exterior paints in Nepal.
People also search for wall paint prices in Nepal, compare and then make the decision. To
make the price comparison easy and instant, paints brands have come up with Paint
Calculator. Further, this calculator help in the calculation of paints price in Nepal, which
includes surface dimension, select product & estimation and finds the paint’s price.